Joan Vickers, PhD, a researcher and professor at the University of Calgary, is one of the world's foremost authorities on sports vision. Her new book, Perception, Cognition, and Decision Training: The Quiet Eye in Action, explores this issue.
Vickers found that elite athletes in almost all sports, whether they know it or not, use their eyes quite differently than less-skilled athletes. She refers to this ability as the "quiet eye." The quiet eye is a final fixation or tracking gaze that is located on a specific object or area within the field of vision (no more than three degrees off the target) and is held for a minimum of 100 milliseconds. The quiet eye has been shown to be a characteristic of elite athletes in several sports, including golf, basketball, volleyball, rifle shooting, table tennis and ice hockey.
Q: Are weight vests worth it, and when should they be used? — Hugo, Salt Lake City, UT
Q: Since many exercises are designed to strengthen the core, I sometimes feel my abdominal muscles tighten up and wanted to know what stretches or regeneration exercises you recommend specifically for abdominal muscles.
Arthroscopic treatment of tennis elbow has shown to be successful after a long-term follow-up, according to new research presented at the 2007 Annual Meeting of the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine.
Tennis elbow can be successfully managed without surgery in almost 90 percent of cases. When it cannot be controlled by non-surgical measures, the arthroscopic technique used in this study is one of the many different surgical options that have good outcomes.
A study published in the International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance found that static stretching offers no benefit to the vertical jump when compared to a standing control protocol.
Repetitive twisting and turning by hockey, soccer, and tennis players, as well as by those who ski, run, or hurdle, may cause a sports hernia, according to a recent study in the Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. The exact incidence of sports hernias is unknown, but previous studies have indicated that 40 to 85 percent of chronic groin pain may be due to the condition.
Q: I'm training for a half-marathon and keep getting shin splints. Is there anything I can do to help prevent them?
Researchers at the University of Kentucky followed 32 male baseball players between the ages of 13 and 21 for six years to study changes in the shoulder's range of motion, strength and growth plates. Their conclusions:
A research team writing in the New England Journal of Medicine found that running or jogging while being exposed to diesel exhaust caused a reduction in the amount of blood reaching the heart.
Q: What's the best way to lose weight and look "cut" at the same time?
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Train an often overlooked area with this mini-workout from Core Performance’s founder.
When you feel your creativity lacking, taking a walk can help you find inspiration, according to a small study from Stanford University researchers.
Follow this three-step nutrition plan to improve your focus, boost energy, and power your performance
A new survey found that only 25 percent of employees with paid time off took advantage of it in 2013.
Here's what you need to know about using obstacle races to build teamwork at work.